Released at the opening of the historic exhibition 'Transparence: Calder / Picabia' at Hauser & Wirth in Zurich in mid-2015, this exhibition catalogue reveals the remarkable dialogue between Alexander Calder (1898 – 1976) and Francis Picabia (1879 – 1953), two great innovators of twentieth-century modernism.
Alexander Calder was born in 1898, the second child of artist parents—his father was a sculptor and his mother a painter. In his mid-twenties, Calder moved to New York City, where he studied at the Art Students League and worked at the ‘National Police Gazette,’ illustrating sporting events and the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. Shortly after his move to Paris in 1926, Calder created his ‘Cirque Calder’ (1926–31), a complex and unique body of art. It wasn’t long before his performances of the ‘Cirque’ captured the attention of the Parisian avant-garde.